Page 161 - Chorister's Companion
P. 161

                                  How it works
There are thousands of possible names, some of them foreign, which describe the sort of sound and the type of pipe, e.g.
Principal or Open Diapason
Gedackt Gamba Cornopean Oboe
Normal metal pipes making a clear, typical “organ” tone
You won’t guess this one! Flutey toned pipes
Stringy toned pipes, like smaller, thinner versions of principal pipes
Trumpet toned pipes (one of the sorts of reed pipe mentioned above)
These are oboe toned pipes (no prizes if you guessed this one!)
It is possible that your church has an organ without any pipes. Electronic or digital instruments aim to copy something of the unique sounds which a pipe organ can produce.
The number at the bottom of the stops tells the organist the pitch of the notes: 8’ means normal pitch (the bottom pipe of the group is 8 feet long), 4’ higher pitch (an octave higher than the 8’ stops), 16’ lower pitch (an octave lower than the 8’ stops) etc. By mixing the different pitches and sounds together, there are lots of possibilities even on a fairly small organ with only a handful of stops. Most organs have more than

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