Page 28 - Voice for Life Workbook 4 - Red
P. 28

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You will find many different kinds of instructions in your printed music that give you clues as to how it should be sung. These instructions are usually in Italian. Sometimes they are shortened versions of Italian words.
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Here are some instructions relating to speed (or tempo):
Here are some general instructions:
a cappella
divisi (or div.) (say ‘div–ezy’)
tutti (say ‘tu–tee’)
molto
poco (say ‘poh–koh’)
semplice (say ‘semp–lee–chey’) sempre (say ‘sem–pray’)
subito (or sub.) (say ‘soo–be–toh’)
without accompaniment divide into two or more groups all, everybody
much, very
a little
simple, simply
always
suddenly
 a tempo
tempo primo (say ‘pree–moh’) stringendo (or string.) allargando (or allarg.)
largo
larghetto (say ‘lar–get–toh’) mosso
più mosso (say ‘pyoo’)
meno mosso (say ‘meh–noh’) rubato (say ‘roo–bah–toh’)
back to the previous speed back to the original speed getting faster
broadening out, getting slower slow and broad
slow (but less slow than largo) movement
more movement
less movement
with freedom of time (slowing and quickening freely)
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These instructions tell you about the character of the music:
 28
Module B: Musical skills and understanding
vivace (say ‘viv–ah–chey’) maestoso (say ‘my–stoh–soh’) dolce (say ‘dol – chey’) espressivo
cantabile (say ‘can–ta–be–ley’)
sostenuto
tenuto (say ‘teh–new–toh’)
forzando (say ‘fort–san–doh’) (or fz)
sforzando (say ‘sfort–san–doh’) (or sfz)
lively majestically sweetly
with expression in a singing style sustained
held on
forcing, accented
sudden accent
          Red book UK prepress January 2020.indd 28
27/01/2020
16:42:22
                                                           Performance instructions
             

















































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