Page 28 - Voice for Life Yellow Workbook
P. 28

                                 Primary and secondary chords
As we have seen, many tunes use primary chords (the triads based on the first, fourth and fifth notes of the key scale) for their harmony. But other tunes also use chords based on the other notes of the scale. These chords are called secondary chords.
Often, Roman numerals are used to describe the chords relating to a key. The numeral refers to the root of the triad. So the primary chords are I (one), IV (four) and V (five). The secondary chords are II (two), III (three), VI (six) and VII (seven). Here are the primary and secondary chords in the key of G major.
In the key of E major, which note is the dominant?
Which note is the subdominant?
  On the staff on the right, write the  tonic triad in the key of F major.
On the staff on the left, write the dominant triad in the key of C major.
                  The primary chords are  
         I II III IV V VI VII
numbered in bold type
  Look at the chord on the right, and answer the questions below to describe it in different keys:
In the key of A minor, what is the name of this chord?
What is the name of this chord in C major? (Use a Roman numeral.)
What is the name of this chord in E minor? (Use both a Roman numeral and a chord name.)
    If you need help with these triads, ask your choir trainer.
 28 Module B: Musical skills and understanding

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