Page 31 - Voice for Life Yellow Workbook
P. 31

                                  Cadences
i
A cadence (say ‘KAY – dence’) is a group of chords played one after another, like musical punctuation at the end of a phrase, section or piece. At the end of some phrases or sections, the music feels as if it needs to carry on (think of a comma in a sentence). At the end of others, it feels more finished (think of a full stop). This is partly because of the different cadences used at these points in the music.
A piece in a particular key feels ‘finished’ when it ends on the tonic (chord I). It feels most finished if the chord before the tonic is the dominant (chord V). This is called a perfect cadence. If a section ends on the dominant chord, the music feels incomplete, as if it needs to carry on. A cadence with the dominant as its final chord is called an imperfect cadence. Any chord can precede the dominant in an imperfect cadence – the most common are the tonic or subdominant (chord IV).
  
  
 
Perfect cadence Imperfect cadence Imperfect cadence

 

                          
  
             VI IV

                            IV V Dominant Tonic Tonic Dominant Subdominant Dominant
A plagal cadence ends on the tonic, but is preceded by the subdominant (chord IV). In an interrupted cadence, the dominant (chord V) implies the tonic will follow, but the relative minor (chord VI, also called the submediant) follows instead. This makes the music seem to ‘swerve’ away from the tonic.
 
Plagal cadence Interrupted cadence All these examples       areinGmajor.Ask
   keystoo)andseeif
  
  your choir trainer to
                        
     play these cadences     (andsomeinother
  
you can identify the different types.
 
                IV I Subdominant Tonic
V VI Dominant Submediant
  
Look at the three cadences below and identify what type they are, and in what key. Look carefully at the key signatures!


         
 
     
                                
          
  

                           Module B: Musical skills and understanding 31


























































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