Page 51 - Voice for Life Yellow Workbook
P. 51

                                 Reference
On these pages, you will find many of the signs and symbols you will see in the music you sing. You will already know many of them from earlier Voice for Life workbooks. Things that are newly explained in this book are shown below with a page number, which tells you where to find a more detailed explanation.
Simple time signatures
4 crotchet 4 crotchet 3 crotchet 2 crotchet 2 minim 2 minim beats in a bar beats in a bar beats in a bar beats in a bar beats in a bar beats in a bar

            Compound time signatures
In the compound time signatures shown below, each main beat is a dotted crotchet which divides into three quavers.
4 dotted crotchet 3 dotted crotchet 2 dotted crotchet 1 dotted crotchet beats in a bar beats in a bar beats in a bar beat in a bar
(12 quavers) (9 quavers)  (6 quavers)  (3 quavers)     

                    New time signatures (page 32)
In the time signatures shown below, the bar may be further divided into irregular sub-groups of two, three or four beats.
5 crotchet beats 5 quaver beats 7 crotchet beats 7 quaver beats in a bar in a bar in a bar in a bar
    
                    Tone and semitone patterns in scales and modes
Below you will find the interval patterns (ascending unless otherwise stated) of all the scales (page 21) and modes (page 33) you have learned so far. These will enable you to construct any scale or mode starting on any note. T = tone; S = semitone; A = augmented second (a tone plus a semitone)
Major scale
T–T–S–T–T–T–S
Harmonic minor scale
T–S–T–T–S–A–S
Melodic minor scale ascending
T–S–T–T–T–T–S
Melodic minor scale descending
T–T–S–T–T–S–T
Dorian mode
T–S–T–T–T–S–T
Phrygian mode
S–T–T–T–S–T–T
Lydian mode
T–T–T–S–T–T–S
Mixolydian mode
T–T–S–T–T–S–T
Aeolian mode
T–S–T–T–S–T–T
 Appendix 51
































































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