Page 52 - Voice for Life Yellow Workbook
P. 52

                                 Reference
The circle of keys
This chart shows all the major and minor keys and their key signatures. As you move clockwise by step around the circle, the key signatures increase by one sharp. As you move anti-clockwise, they increase by one flat. Sharp and flat meet at the bottom of the circle: F sharp major (six sharps) is the same key as G flat major (six flats) – see page 19.
C major A minor
G major E minor
 F major D minor
  B flat major G minor
E flat major C minor
A flat major F minor
D flat major B flat minor
D major B minor
A major
F sharp minor
     
F sharp major D sharp minor
 or
G flat major E flat minor
 
    E major
C sharp minor
          Primary and secondary chords (page 27)
Primary chords are the tonic (I), the subdominant (IV) and the dominant (V). All the others are secondary chords.
B major  G sharp minor

  Fifth Third Root
 The subdominant chord (IV) in G major  Fifth  
The dominant chord (V) in G major
       Herearethenamesofthenotesof        thescale,andtheirtriads 
 Fifth Third Root
The tonic chord (I) in G major
 
Third Root


                             I II III IV V VI VII
Chords I to VII in the key of G major. The primary chords are shown in bold type
I = tonic
II = supertonic
III = mediant
IV = subdominant
V = dominant
VI = submediant VII = leading-note
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