Page 69 - Stainer Crucifixion
P. 69

S1 The autograph manuscript of The Crucifixion – STA 1/3/26 – forms part of the largest collection of manuscripts, documents and artefacts of Sir John Stainer at Durham University. The manuscript, bound in green leather, consists of 83 folios, with music on the recto while the verso is blank. The manuscript paper is 12-stave. There is no title page. Each system of music consists of an organ part on two staves with the vocal parts above. The chorus parts are written in open score. Each movement is numbered. Occasionally the manner of each movement, i.e. ‘Recit.’, is signified along with the particular forces involved (such as ‘Tenor & Chorus’), indications of tempo and dynamics. There are some instructions for the use of the organ such as (Sw.) and ‘con Ped.’ but these are sparingly used (see performance suggestions). Some of the movements bear titles such as No. 2 ‘The Agony’ and No. 3 ‘Processional to Calvary’. However, some of the shorter movements lack the titles familiar from the printed edition by Novello (see S2 and S3); these were evidently added later (possibly at proof stage?) as were some of the tempo markings. Words to the hymns are pasted into the manuscript on separate pieces of paper in a handwriting which may be that of their author, W. J. Sparrow Simpson. The manuscript is marked up in blue and red crayon for engraving and the names of the different engravers are also visible. There is no inscription to Hodge and the choir of Marylebone Parish Church; this was probably added at proof stage of the original vocal score of 1887. On the last page of text it is possible to see [Plate] No. 8002 handwritten by the engravers.
S2 Edition of vocal score published by Novello in 1887. Instead of being printed in the musical text, this source has a separate page with metronome markings as ‘approximate tempi of the movements’; this also includes a number of ‘ad. lib’ suggestions which S3 permanently establishes in the musical text along with all the metronome markings. The front page also provides details of how to accommodate the words for the hymn on page 39. This was revised in 1915 for S2. Plate No. 8002.
S3 The revised edition published by Novello in 1915 (which reused the same Plate No. 8002 as for S2). This contains the following note on the title page which was probably added at the behest of W. J. Sparrow Simpson:
In this Revised Edition the only alterations made are the substitution of the word “plead” for “pray” in the Hymns on pp. 34 and 39, and the insertion of a new line (the third from the end of the last verse) in the Hymn on p. 39. Metronome indications of the TEMPI have also been placed at the head of each number.
S4 Revised edition published under licence by Schirmer, New York [n.d.] for their Collection of Oratorios and Cantatas, Plate 11717. This also uses American spellings.
S5 Reset of revised edition of 1915 (using the same plates). This contains a few minor variants. The plate number is shown as ‘8002’.
S6 Revised version edited by Michael Pilkington, Novello, 1998. This edition also notes the change of ‘woe’ to ‘pain’ on p. 5 (see ‘Reviser’s Note’, iii). This change was, in fact, made for S2 (see commentary below) in order to conform more happily with the rhyming scheme.

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