Lord, Thou hast been our refuge was composed c. 1668 and demonstrates the new approach at that time to vocal declamation. Like a number of other verse anthems of the early-Restoration period, adult vocal soloists are assigned all the verse material with the same short, four-part chorus being heard in the middle of the anthem and also at the end. Henry Purcell's 'Bell Anthem' (Rejoice in the Lord alway) is another familiar example of this layout which was born of necessity - the loss of continuity in the training of boy choristers during the period of the Commonwealth - but which remained something of a convention until the closing years of the century. The range of surviving sources indicates that Lord, Thou hast been our refuge enjoyed considerable popularity. Later it was included by William Boyce in his Cathedral Music, published between 1760- 73. The anthem therefore remained in the repertoire for well over a century; indeed, cathedral choirs continued to use Boyce's collection for performance well into the twentieth century.